Metropolitan Area Profile and Scenario (MAPS) Berlin

In the Berlin case 6,827 km² for the city of Berlin or 11,770 km² for the region Berlin-Brandenburg is required. So despite the poor soil conditions (most or the rural area is designated as less favoured area), both city and regions can theoretically supply itself within their own boundaries, as the total farmland cover an area of about 13,230 km² (2012). Especially the relative low population density (and the related low food demand) of the surrounding region mitigates particular food stress.

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Figure: Area demand conventional food production.

In terms of self-sufficiency, the mono-centric Berlin-Brandenburg region is characterised by a by a concentration of municipalities which show undersupply of farmland for the city of Berlin and its direct adjacency, whereas large parts of the peripheral rural areas can realise significant food production surpluses, being able to “export� to food stress areas.

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Figure: Self-sufficiency level at municipality level.