Metropolitan Area Profile and Scenario (MAPS) Berlin
In the Berlin case 6,827 kmÂ² for the city of Berlin or 11,770 kmÂ² for the region Berlin-Brandenburg is required. So despite the poor soil conditions (most or the rural area is designated as less favoured area), both city and regions can theoretically supply itself within their own boundaries, as the total farmland cover an area of about 13,230 kmÂ² (2012). Especially the relative low population density (and the related low food demand) of the surrounding region mitigates particular food stress.
In terms of self-sufficiency, the mono-centric Berlin-Brandenburg region is characterised by a by a concentration of municipalities which show undersupply of farmland for the city of Berlin and its direct adjacency, whereas large parts of the peripheral rural areas can realise significant food production surpluses, being able to â€œexportâ€� to food stress areas.